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Showing posts with the label CRIMINAL‌ ‌LAW‌

CRIMINAL‌ ‌LAW‌

  “A crime is an unlawful act punishable by a  state  or other authority”. Criminal law and criminal procedure fall under the Concurrent List while matters relating to Police and Prisons fall under the State List. The laws that govern criminal law in India are the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC) and the Criminal Procedure Code, 1974 (CrPC). The IPC provides for the substantive law to be followed in case a crime has been committed. The CrPC provides for the procedures to be followed during investigation and trial by the police and courts. There exist specific courts for criminal trials to held called Sessions Courts at the District level. India has adopted the adversarial system of legal procedure wherein the judge acts as a neutral party and the case is argued by the prosecutor suing the plaintiff and defense attorney who defends their plaintiff. One major distinction between India and other common law countries is that it does not follow the jury system. Criminal law, the body of law th