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CITIZENSHIP AMENDMENT ACT

CITIZENSHIP AMENDMENT ACT 


Before understanding CAA, we have to first know what is citizenship, Part-II Articles 5 to 11 of the Constitution of India, citizenship has been told.
Article 5 Of the Indian constitution says that

Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution.

At the commencement of this Constitution, every person who has his domicile in the territory of India and-

(a) Who was born in the territory of India; or

(b) Either of whose parents was born in the territory of India; or

(c) Who has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India for not less than five years immediately preceding such commencement, Shall be a citizen of India.
          

WHAT IS CAA


Citizenship Amendment act helps of people of Hindu,Christian,Sikh, Parsi, Jain and Buddhism who came from Pakistan,Afghanistan, Bangladesh will be given citizenship of India.  But people of the religion of Islam have not been included in this act.  After the enactment of the Citizenship Amendment Bill, now Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Parsis, Jains and Buddhists from Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and those who entered India by 31 December 2014.  They will all be able to apply for citizenship of India.
      

CITIZENSHIP AMENDMENT  BILL

    
The citizenship amendment act 2019 was passed by the parliament of india on 11 December 2019.The Rajya Sabha had 125 votes in favor and 99 votes in opposition.  Union Home Minister Amit Shah introduced the bill in Rajya Sabha on Wednesday,
It introduced by our ministers of affairs Amit shah .The first hearing of the bill conducted on 9 December 2019, second hearing conducted on 10 December .third hearing conducted on 12 December 2019.On the same day our president of india Mr.Ramnath kovind singned it.And the effective date of this act is 10 January 2020.

How CAB become CAA


The full form of the Citizenship Amendment Act i.e. CAA is the Citizenship Amendment Act.  This was the CAB (Citizenship Amendment Bill) before it was passed in Parliament.  Talking about the difference between CAA and CAB, after passing in Parliament and the President's approval, this bill has become an Act of Citizen Amendment Act.  
             

 What is NRC

The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a register of all Indian citizens whose creation is compulsory by the 2003 Amendment of the Citizenship Act, 1955.  Its purpose is to provide documentation to all legal citizens of India so that illegal migrants can be identified and deported.  It has been implemented for the state of Assam in 2013-2014. Government of India plans to implement it for the rest of the country in 2021 .
According to the NRC, a person, in order to be eligible to be a citizen, must prove that either he or his ancestors were in India on or before the eve of the Bangladesh War on 24 March 1971.  The next day, the war of liberation started in Bangladesh, which sent thousands of refugees to India.
        

Who will be affected by NRC?


When the NRC is implemented, foreign intruders will be driven out of the country.  But people of Hindu, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain and Parsi religion who came to India from Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Pakistan will not be affected.  The condition is that they have to prove that they have been forced to come to India due to religious persecution in their country.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CAB & NRC


The CAA is applicable to illegal migrants residing in India and does not apply to any Indian citizen.  The NRC contains a record of citizens of India, excluding only others.

WHY PEOPLE NOT SUPPORTED CAB &  NRC


Mostly people not supported to CAB and NRC because they don't want to the right meaning of both of this act ,Those people are afraid that their citizenship will be taken away, while not all of them are aware that this bill was made to give citizenship, not to snuff it out.

CONCLUSION


The Citizenship Amendment Bill was passed in its initial stage in January 2019.  In this, Indian citizenship was sought for six non-Muslim communities Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christians.  In this, the necessary condition of staying at least 12 years in India was reduced to seven years to get citizenship of India.If the person seeking citizenship of India does not have any valid documents, then he can be given citizenship.  The bill was referred to the Joint Parliamentary Committee, although this bill could not be passed because it fell in the Rajya Sabha.

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